Examining the Moderating Role of Social Support Between Negative Life Events and Psychological Distress: A Comparative Analysis of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Orphans

  • Mr. Muhammad Aaqib* Counsellor/ Psychologist Punjab AIDS Control Program DHQ Hospital Narowal
  • MS. Shahida Perveen Psychologist Khawaja Fareed Social Security Hospital Multan
  • Mr. Abdur Rehman PhD Scholar International Islamic University Islamabad.
  • Mudassar Abdullah Lecturer (Psychology), Department of Business Administration, Iqra National University Peshawar

Abstract

Abstract

The objective of this study was to explore the moderating influence of social support on the relationship between negative life events and psychological distress, comparing institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphans. Additionally, gender variations in all examined factors were examined. A sample of N=200 (comprising 100 males and 100 females) was drawn from various governmental and non-governmental organizations or foundations. To achieve this, several scales measuring social support, negative life events, and psychological distress were employed for data collection, accompanied by a demographic information sheet. Subsequently, data analysis involved utilizing Pearson Product Moment correlation, Multiple Regression Analysis, moderation analysis, and t-tests. The findings of the study revealed a significant positive association between negative life events and psychological distress. Simultaneously, psychological distress showed a significant negative correlation with perceived social support. Additionally, the study revealed that perceived social support serves as a moderating factor between negative life events and psychological distress. Furthermore, gender differences are significant in the context of negative life events, psychological distress, and perceived social support.

Keywords: Social Support, Negative Life Events, Psychological Distress, Institutionalized, Non-Institutionalized Orphan

 

Published
2024-01-10
How to Cite
Mr. Muhammad Aaqib*, MS. Shahida Perveen, Mr. Abdur Rehman, & Mudassar Abdullah. (2024). Examining the Moderating Role of Social Support Between Negative Life Events and Psychological Distress: A Comparative Analysis of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Orphans. Shnakhat, 3(1), 86-97. Retrieved from https://shnakhat.com/index.php/shnakhat/article/view/231
Section
Articles