Examining the Moderating Role of Social Support Between Negative Life Events and Psychological Distress: A Comparative Analysis of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Orphans
The objective of this study was to explore the moderating influence of social support on the relationship between negative life events and psychological distress, comparing institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphans. Additionally, gender variations in all examined factors were examined. A sample of N=200 (comprising 100 males and 100 females) was drawn from various governmental and non-governmental organizations or foundations. To achieve this, several scales measuring social support, negative life events, and psychological distress were employed for data collection, accompanied by a demographic information sheet. Subsequently, data analysis involved utilizing Pearson Product Moment correlation, Multiple Regression Analysis, moderation analysis, and t-tests. The findings of the study revealed a significant positive association between negative life events and psychological distress. Simultaneously, psychological distress showed a significant negative correlation with perceived social support. Additionally, the study revealed that perceived social support serves as a moderating factor between negative life events and psychological distress. Furthermore, gender differences are significant in the context of negative life events, psychological distress, and perceived social support.
Keywords: Social Support, Negative Life Events, Psychological Distress, Institutionalized, Non-Institutionalized Orphan