Sustainable Environmental Development Goals: A Comparative Analysis of India and Pakistan

  • Dr. Tahira Parveen Assistant Professor Department of IR and Political Science Lahore Garrison University Lahore
  • Babar zeb Agreeculture Finance officer at NBP
  • Brigadier Dr. Muhammad Naeem Akbar Qazi Phd Graduate from Minhaj University


India and Pakistan the two neighboring countries have diverse socio-economic and environmental backgrounds. The both nations have adapted policy frameworks to pursue the objectives of sustainable environmental development. the combination of the qualitative and the quantitative data, the analysis encompasses key environmental indicators, such as air and water quality, biodiversity conservation, renewable energy adoption and waste management. The comparative framework aims to identify commonalities and disparities in the implementation of SDGs, shedding light on the effectiveness of environmental policies and initiatives in each country. Factors contributing to successful outcomes or hindrances are critically examined, considering geopolitical, economic and cultural influences. The study explores the role of international collaborations and partnerships in advancing sustainable environmental practices within the region. Through a multidimensional lens, the research not only assesses the current status of environmental sustainability in India and Pakistan but also offers insights into future trajectories. The findings contribute to the global discourse on achieving the SDGs and provide policymakers, researchers and stakeholders with valuable perspectives on the formulation and refinement of strategies for sustainable environmental development in South Asia.

Keywords: Environmental sustainability, Climate change, Renewable energy, Air quality, Green technology, Waste management